Updated: Oct 22, 2018
Knowing where to start in this huge industry which has billions of different products can be very overwhelming.
Even for someone who knows about the industry its easy to be swept up in the pretty packaging and the beautiful smells of products, but i'm here to tell you what you need to look out for to make it easy for you.
•Bar soaps- Harsh, strip out lipids in the upper layer of the skin compromising the barrier leading to dryness. Oily skin could use this from time to time but shouldn’t make it a habit. •Foaming cleansers- Good for oily/blemish prone skin you must add water. •Non-Foaming cleansers- Mild cleanser which doesn’t lather good for dry, sensitive skin type. Although many people feel it lives a residue. •Cleansing milk- removed often with flannel or cotton pads. Suitable for dry skin types as they leave moisturising agents on skin to improve dryness •Micellar Water- Tiny molecules which remove dirt, makeup and SPF. It’s important to cleanse after this step. •Oils- Good for removal of makeup, dirt and SPF very moisturising its best to cleanse after this step.
•A toner is used normally water cleansing to "close pores" which in fact is impossible. You can reduce the size of the pore slightly but definitely not close them. A lot of toners contain alcohol which isn't recommended on the skin especially regularly as this can cause irritation.
•Some toners however are for hydrating and can be beneficial but also check ingredients.
•Anti-aging- Antioxidant serums for sure ingredients such as vitamin C, ferric acid, resveratol can be helpful for this concern.
•Dry skin- Hydrating serums will be amazing for you, look out for ingredients such as hyaluronic acid and vitamin E.
•Acne/ oily skin- You need to look out for ingredients such as niacinamide or vitamin C.
•Sensitive skin- Its good to look for calming ingredients such as oat or bisabolol (chamomile).
•Humectants- Amazing for skin hydration and plumping (hyaluronic acid, glycerine, butylene glycol).
•Occlusieves- Creates a barrier to prevent water loss from the skin (shea butter, lanolin, dimethicone, coca butter) good for dry to very dry skin but people with oily or acne prone skin should definitely stay away from these!
•Emollients- Act to replace skins lipids and fill in crevices between skin cells (dimethicone, trisiloxane, linolleic acid).
Most moisturisers use a few of the different ingredients from the three main categories and often they're are a mixture of the ingredients from the three different catergries but you should look for the ingredients that are best suited for you. For example acne skin should go for products high in humectants but low in occlusive agents. where as if you have dry skin you want more emollients and occlusives.
EVERYONE should moisturise to maintain elasticity and flexibility in their skin. It helps the skin function effectively and protects the skin from the elements which these days are really important!
•Mechanical- Scrubs, facial brushes, electronic cleansing devices. Scrubs containing sugar, sand and other rough particles are good to reduce blackheads and dead, dull skin.
•Chemical- Usually acids to dissolve dry skin cells, shouldn't leave your skin red, burning or peeling. (AHAs, BHAs, retinol are really good and very popular) its good to leave these overnight and make sure you wear spa DURING THE DAY.
THE ONE PRODUCT EVERYONE SHOULD BE USING IF THEY WANT TO LOOK YOUNGER.
It protects you from skin cancer but also protects you from fine lines, wrinkles, loss of elasticity and pigmentation! 80/90% of UV rays are responsible for these skin problems. You should look for high UVA protection with a minimum of SPF 15, but 30 is better.
•Chemical- Absorbs into the skin creating a protective layer. UV rays are then transferred into heat. (carbon based compounds).
•Physical- You know when people have white paste back in the day? That was from physical sunscreens physically blocking UV rays from the skin... It rubs in much better these days luckily. This is better for more sensitive skin. (zinc oxide, titanium dioxide).
Hope this gives you an idea of what you should be using on your skin...
If you need more help feel free to book in for a coaching session so I can help you find what's correct for you.